Cystitis and pregnancy

Among the inflammatory diseases of the genitourinary system, cystitis occupies a special place. Very often the disease affects pregnant women, whose immunity is subjected to severe stress due to the situation. Treatment of cystitis during pregnancy is the key to the health of women and the unborn child.

pregnant woman and cystitis

Why cystitis is dangerous during pregnancy

Pyelonephritis is the most dangerous and common complication of advanced cystitis. This condition requires mandatory hospitalization and hospital treatment. Of particular concern to expectant mothers is the question of whether cystitis can be dangerous for a child.

Consequences for the child

Despite the fact that the fetus is reliably protected from external infections of the amniotic sac, with an advanced form of cystitis, the following consequences occur for the child:

  1. Premature birth or miscarriage.
  2. Water leakage.
  3. Intrauterine infections.

Consequences for a woman

It is important to understand that in the absence of treatment, cystitis becomes a chronic form that is difficult to get rid of. Among the possible consequences are also:

  • kidney inflammation;
  • bladder damage;
  • paracystitis;
  • inflammation of the mucous membrane;
  • urinary incontinence;
  • bladder empyema;
  • ulcerative cystitis.

Chronic or acute cystitis in the early stages of pregnancy, if left untreated, causes serious pathologies in women, and in the later stages provokes premature birth.

Symptoms of the disease

Among the most common and noticeable symptoms of cystitis during pregnancy are the following:

  1. Turbid or pink urine.
  2. Presence of mucus or drops of blood in the urine.
  3. Pain when urinating. Particularly severe spasms occur in women at the end of urination.
  4. Constant desire to empty the bladder. Sometimes such urges are false or accompanied by the release of only a few drops of urine.
  5. Bladder pain that will get worse if you press on the area.

Sometimes the symptoms of cystitis during pregnancy are confused with physiological changes associated with the pressure of the uterus on the bladder. It is important to monitor your feelings and visit a gynecologist in a timely manner, who can make the correct diagnosis.


Therapy for cystitis in pregnant women consists of a set of drugs, each of which is chosen exclusively by the attending physician. In this case, the doctor takes into account how many benefits of therapy will outweigh the possible risks to the fetus. During therapy, a woman should be monitored by a gynecologist and examined regularly. Only in this case the cystitis can be completely cured.

Early therapy of cystitis

It is important to understand that the earlier you start treatment, the better the end result will be. In pregnant women, the treatment of cystitis includes the following points:

  • taking medication;
  • compliance with the drinking regime;
  • the appointment of a special diet;
  • the use of folk recipes and techniques.

In the first week

Cystitis in the early stages, especially in the first week, is often confused with the symptoms of pregnancy and therefore many women ignore the onset of the disease until it becomes chronic or complications occur. The fact is that with the onset of pregnancy, the enlarged uterus begins to press on the bladder, causing a feeling of fullness and a desire to urinate. However, with inflammation, pain and burning are added to this symptom.

If the cystitis was noticed during the first week of pregnancy, then experts are trying to find a "soft" therapy. The main methods include:

  1. Prescribing drugs. Naturally, natural-based uroseptics are preferred.
  2. Adherence to the drinking regime.
  3. Observance of personal hygiene.

If the pregnancy, the first trimester of which is complicated by inflammation of the bladder, can be terminated, the woman is admitted to hospital.

During the first trimester

As in any other case, treatment of the disease begins with a diagnosis that allows you to identify the cause of the inflammation. The doctor then chooses a treatment regimen. It is important to understand that in the early stages you need to be extremely careful when choosing medications, as there is a high risk of miscarriage. In general, the set of activities is practically no different from those assigned in the first week. Cystitis in the first trimester should not be ignored.

I remember:self-treatment of cystitis during pregnancy is unacceptable, especially with the use of pharmaceuticals. Such measures pose a direct threat to the life of the unborn child.

Disease therapy in later stages

During the third trimester, as well as in the first weeks, it is important to choose medications carefully. Some of them may contain substances that can provoke uterine contractions. The treatment regimen in the later stages is as follows:

  • taking antibacterial drugs;
  • compliance with the drinking regime;
  • the use of plant-based uroseptics;
  • the appointment of painkillers and antispasmodics, if necessary.

In some cases, a woman is suggested to go to the hospital to reduce the risk of complications to a minimum.

How to treat

To get rid of the disease, it is mandatory to apply:

  1. Antibiotics
  2. Ancillary drugs such as analgesics or antispasmodics.
  3. Traditional Medicine.
  4. Phytopreparations.

Important:the choice of drugs during pregnancy is made exclusively by a doctor based on an examination. If a specialist offers a woman hospitalization, in no case should you refuse this opportunity.

Medication treatment

Drug treatment during pregnancy consists of combining several groups of drugs at the same time. This measure allows not only to destroy the pathogenic microflora, but also to minimize the risk of recurrence. Before starting therapy, be sure to visit a doctor who will tell you what you can take and why you should refrain.


Antibiotics are needed during pregnancy to suppress the pathogenic microflora in cystitis and speed recovery. In addition, they are indispensable if a woman has an exacerbation of cystitis. Medications with minimal side effects are usually preferred during childbirth.

Antibiotics in the form of suspensions, powders and pills for cystitis during pregnancy can also be prescribed.

I remember:the dose of the drug and the duration of the course of treatment are determined by the specialist. It is important to follow the doctor's recommendations and complete the prescribed course, even if the sensation of cystitis has passed, because if antibiotics are taken incorrectly, the microorganisms develop drug resistance.


The most preferred form of the drug during pregnancy. These products have minimal side effects and can be used throughout pregnancy. They work well with antibiotics and can improve their effectiveness.

Phytopreparations have the following properties:

  1. Diuretic.
  2. Anti-inflammatory.
  3. Bactericidal.
  4. Immunostimulating.

Due to the natural composition, a long course of medication is required to achieve the full therapeutic effect. In the acute form, phytopreparations are taken for at least 2-3 weeks. The dosage is determined by a doctor who knows how to treat cystitis in a pregnant woman.


Suppositories in pregnant women can be prescribed during pregnancy, both in the early stages and in the last trimester. Such drugs are safer than antibiotics in tablet form because they do not affect the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract. In addition, they are quickly absorbed into the blood and begin to act.


In general, traditional medicine for pregnant women offers the use of decoctions of medicinal herbs as therapeutic agents. Common recipes include:

  1. Decoction of rose hips. To do this, you need to pour 3 tablespoons of rose hips with a glass of boiling water and cook on a steam bath for about 10-15 minutes. The broth is then allowed to simmer for 20 minutes, filtered and taken in a cup 3-4 times a day.
  2. Blackcurrant leaf tea. You can drink with cystitis at any time. For a drink you will need 9 tablespoons of blackcurrant leaves and 1, 5 liters of boiling water. The tea is infused for 30-40 minutes, then drunk throughout the day.
  3. Cranberry juice. A glass of fresh blueberries will require 1, 5 liters of boiling water. The fruits are pre-crushed, then poured with water and infused for 30 minutes. To taste you can add a spoonful of honey to the fruit drink. The drink is consumed throughout the day.
  4. Baths with chamomile. A decoction or infusion based on chamomile is prepared in advance, to which 1. 5 liters of warm water are added. In general, 1. 5 liters of broth requires the same amount of water. The liquid is poured into a bath and sit in it for 15-20 minutes. The temperature of the water should not be too hot, as this can provoke uterine contractions. Baths are not recommended during the first trimester of pregnancy.

Important:the use of methods of alternative medicine during pregnancy is permissible only after prior consultation with your doctor.

folk remedies for the treatment of cystitis during pregnancy

Acute cystitis during pregnancy

The acute form of the disease usually occurs suddenly and is characterized by severe symptoms. Factors such as:

  • decreased immunity and hormonal disorders that occur during childbirth;
  • susceptibility to allergic reactions;
  • compression of veins and blood vessels in the bladder. In pregnant women, this cause is the most common, as the enlarged uterus compresses the urine
  • bladder obstructing full blood flow;
  • fatigue characteristic of pregnant women;
  • hypothermia;
  • mechanical stress is another cause characteristic of pregnant women associated with pressure on the bladder.

To determine that you are facing this form of the disease, the following symptoms in pregnant women allow:

  1. Constant desire to go to the toilet.
  2. Lower pain, worse when pressed.
  3. Traces of blood in the urine.
  4. Increase in body temperature to 38 degrees.
  5. Watery secretion with an unpleasant odor.

Chronic cystitis during pregnancy

The main reason for the development of chronic cystitis in pregnant women is acute cystitis, which is not completely cured. In this case, a woman worries about the following signs of cystitis during pregnancy:

  • frequent desire for toilet;
  • soreness during urination;
  • lower abdominal pain;
  • false desire for a toilet.

Chronic cystitis occurs in the off-season, when a woman's immunity is reduced. However, during pregnancy, recurrences of the disease occur much more often.

The main danger of chronic cystitis is the increased risk of inflammation passing to the kidneys. In this case, pyelonephritis develops, which in the absence of help leads to injury and even death. In addition, serious complications can occur during birth, including such complications and infection of the baby during passage through the birth canal.

The inflammatory process affecting the genitourinary system during pregnancy poses a direct threat not only to the mother but also to the unborn child. The disease therapy during this period is carried out under the supervision of a specialist. It is important to know exactly how to properly treat cystitis during pregnancy!