Abdominal pain, painful sensations and - so most people describe the first signs of cystitis and are wrong.
In fact, the disease is insidious and can occur in a latent form for more than 3 months, affecting the lining and deeper layers of the bladder. And the above symptoms can now serve as the beginning of serious complications.
A patient is needed at this stage. Medicines for the treatment of cystitis, injections, tablets and powders are available. The most effective remedy for cystitis is the powder. Why it is worth choosing them, you will learn from our article.
Advantages of powders over tablets
To understand the main difference between the powder and the tablets, let's look at the mechanism of its effect on the pathogenic microflora.
Once you take the powder, it is absorbed immediately and after a few hours its maximum concentration accumulates in the urine, which allows you to fight bacteria. On the third day, the drug is excreted from the body.
They operate on a different principle. They are absorbed in the lymphatic channels for about 3-4 hours. The active substance is then adsorbed in the digestive tract, spreads through the vessels and fights microorganisms.
In this way, a number of advantages of the powder compared to tablets can be distinguished:
- It does not create problems with the gastrointestinal tract, so it falls on the mucous membranes of the stomach.
- It is quickly absorbed and acts immediately.
- Neutralizes the pathogens of cystitis by settling directly on the walls of the bladder.
- Enhances the healing effect due to the additional intake of water needed to dissolve the powder.
- Possibility for partial dosing and mixing with other components.
- Relatively low price.
There are many powdered medicines for cystitis. Most often these are antibiotics, less often - sulfenylamides or. The most popular among them are drugs from the sulfenylamide group.
The powder with the active ingredient fosfomycin is a drug based on a broad-spectrum antibiotic. The effectiveness of the drug lies in the neutralization of the enzyme pyruvyltransferase, without the participation of which no bacterial wall can be built. By dispersing the cell surface, fosfomycin also prevents the attachment of pathogenic microflora to them.
The drug does not bind to plasma proteins, so it can be used according to the indications of pregnant women and children from 5 years of age.
To relieve the acute phase of cystitis, it is sufficient to take the powder once in a three-gram dose. After two hours, the agent will accumulate in the urinary system and begin to act. The effectiveness of the cystitis powder with fosfomycin is explained by the small number of bacteria that are resistant to it (1% of the total). The drug is excreted from the body on the 4th day and is used for the prevention of urogenital diseases.
Another preparation based on the substance sulfacetamide is a water-soluble powder. It belongs to the group of sulphonamides, which, unlike antibiotics, do not kill bacteria but stop them from growing. Due to its low cost, this drug has been widely used in the past. It is used as an auxiliary medicine for a week in a sachet three times a day.
Other effective remedies
Powdered products are used not only internally but also to flush the bladder. In severe cases, several drugs can be prescribed at the same time: one is the main and the second maintenance. It is therefore useful to know that there are cheap analogues with the same effect, but with a longer adsorption period.
The drug is based on the substance cefaclor. The maximum concentration is reached only after three uses, therefore its effect on the body occurs only on the second day. It is effective against gram-negative bacteria, but has little effect on anaerobic microorganisms. The drug is taken every 8 hours at a dose of 4 g / day.
Cephalosporin antibiotic powder. It is evenly distributed in all organs. It is partially bound to plasma proteins and is therefore not recommended for pregnant women and children. It has a destructive effect on most gram-positive bacteria. It is rapidly excreted from the body. Dosage regimen 1, 5 g - 2 times a day.
The drug belongs to the group of semi-synthetic penicillins. It has a detrimental effect on bacteria in the stage of their active growth. With repeated use, the resistance of microorganisms to the penicillin series is observed. It has many side effects, it is contraindicated in kidney and liver diseases.
Before use, it is necessary to examine the urine and determine the cause of the disease. If it is not E. coli, then taking the drug may worsen the course of the disease.
The scheme for taking the drug is 4 times a day, 1 tsp.
Principles of treatment of the disease
Treatment of cystitis should begin with identifying the causes. The most common causes are Escherichia coli, staphylococci, streptococci, mycoplasmas and ureaplasmas. Acute cystitis is quickly relieved with the above drugs. already requires a different approach and is subject to the following principles:
- Complex use of drugs.Etiological treatment includes 7 days of broad-spectrum antibiotic therapy. Nitrofurans are then prescribed for up to six months.
- Local treatment. . . Pathogenic therapy is aimed at eliminating hormonal and immune disorders, correcting genital hygiene. Exercise therapy is performed. Solutions of silver nitrate or heparin are also often used.
- Eliminate the source of inflammation and strengthen the immune system. . . In the presence of concomitant diseases, they are also treated while prescribing immunomodulatory drugs;
- Prescribing antihistamines and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, to relieve severe pain syndrome.
- The use of serious drugs, medical procedures and surgery. . . In chronic inflammation, which is difficult to treat, physiotherapy and novocaine blockade are performed. If the bladder shrinks, surgery may be needed.
How will powder cystitis help? Inflammatory processes in the area of the bladder or cystitis are not uncommon at all. According to medical statistics, almost half of the world's population suffers from this. The disease mainly affects women and this happens for the simple reason that, unlike the male genitourinary system, the female has a shorter and wider urethra.
How is cystitis treated?
Such a specific structure greatly helps various harmful organisms to enter the bladder organ and create conditions for the onset of the inflammatory process. When a problem arises, the treatment of the disease becomes a major problem. In many respects, therapy is prescribed depending on the factor that caused the inflammation.
The disease in medicine is called primary acute cystitis. The primary manifestation is not accompanied by other inflammatory diseases of the genitourinary system. The disease has pronounced symptoms. The acute form of the disease is treated with effective antibacterial drugs. As a rule, these are:
- antibiotics for cystitis;
- vaginal suppositories;
- special powder for cystitis.
The drug should be taken according to the instructions of the attending physician. If all the recommendations are followed correctly, successful treatment can be completed in 7-10 days, and with a very positive effect, recovery can occur within 5 days after undergoing medical therapy.
Most importantly, at the first signs of the disease you should immediately consult a doctor, do not delay the trip to the clinic until the disease takes complex forms. The doctor will prescribe a course of treatment and after its completion he will definitely do additional tests to make sure that there are no signs of the disease.
Synthetic antibacterial agents
There are several types of medicated powders that are needed for the symptoms of cystitis. The first is a drug from the group of synthetic antibiotics with the active ingredient furazidine, a soluble powder.
The drug is used in the following cases:
- Sepsis, ie infection of the blood with harmful particles from a source of purulent inflammation.
- Purulent infection.
- If you have pneumonia.
- Inflammation of the urethra.
- Anaerobic infection, which means a bacterial infection.
In cystitis it has a very long lasting effect. Once in the body, it can have a therapeutic effect for another two weeks.
The main positive quality of the drug is that when exposed to areas of inflammation, it well destroys bacteria that have gram-negative and gram-positive properties. The drug also infects microorganisms that are resistant to various antibiotics and sulfate substances.
The drug is taken 2-3 times a day after meals. One norm is 0, 1 or 0, 2 g of soluble powder. For children, the daily dose of the drug can be from 0, 2 to 0, 7 g, calculated per 1 kg of child weight.
Preparations from the group of nutrifuran
Nutrifuran drugs are powdered preparations that the treating physician may recommend to the patient. They have many advantages, the most tangible of which is that they are cheap and at the same time very effective.
The price multiplied by the efficiency is an important incentive to buy it. It is an antimicrobial agent that is often referred to as an antibiotic. The drug destroys the microbes that have entered the body and conducts destructive activities there. These are the organisms themselves that ultimately provoke cystitis. This happens by destroying the protein synthesis, which is vital for a harmful cell.
Preparations from the group of nutrifuran are used in the presence of the following inflammatory processes:
In addition, it is used for the prophylactic treatment of the urethra before urinary tract surgery.
The scheme of current therapy is selected in an individual form for each patient individually. The standard instructions for use dictate that you should use 1-2 tablets at a time. In total this is about 150 g per dose. It is necessary to use this drug 3-4 times a day.
The course of treatment usually lasts one week, and in some cases is delayed by two.
In most cases, the cause of the development of cystitis in adults is the vital activity of bacteria on the lining of the bladder. For this reason, only a properly selected antibiotic can deal with the disease, all other drugs will only weaken its symptoms. In some cases, the clinical picture is so bright that there is no time to wait for the results of the collected analyzes. In this case, doctors prescribe cystitis powder to their patients. The drug quickly shows its effectiveness, and its dosage form has several undeniable advantages.
Pros and cons of powdered drugs
Before you start using powders for cystitis, it is necessary to evaluate not only the strengths of the product, but also its disadvantages. This is best done by a urologist. Despite the obvious efficacy of the product and its safety, it can be taken only with a doctor's permission, in therapeutic doses and no longer than the prescribed time.
The table shows the advantages and disadvantages characterizing cyst powders:
|Advantages of the preparation in the form of powder||Disadvantages of the preparation in the form of powder|
|The product is well absorbed, but does not irritate the delicate mucous membranes of the digestive system.||If the product is not accepted in accordance with the rules, its effectiveness will be minimal.|
|The antibiotic should be diluted with liquid before use. This automatically increases the amount of water you drink, which rinses the bladder.||The product is excreted by the kidneys. With the reduction of the functionality of this organ, its use is prohibited. Otherwise, there is a risk of developing kidney failure.|
|To obtain a stable therapeutic effect, it is sufficient to take 3 g of the composition once.||For some patients, the taste of the powder is unpleasant. Sometimes there is nausea, abdominal pain.|
|The drug quickly relieves the symptoms characteristic of acute inflammation. It is effective even in a disease that is accompanied by the appearance of blood in the urine.||For maximum effect, the bladder should be emptied before taking the medicine. In some situations, this is quite difficult to settle (especially against the background of dysuria).|
|Due to the simplicity of the manufacturing process, the product is cheaper than it could be in tablet form.|
Before you start taking anti-cystitis powders, you need to go through all the necessary tests, to do tests. In rare cases, cystitis is not the result of bacteria, but of viruses or fungi. In such a situation, the product may not help; the patient will need different profile therapy.
The use of powders on the background of cystitis
The duration, doses and schedule of powdered antibiotics are determined by the attending physician. The characteristics of the patient's condition, the causes of the disease, the use of adjuvant drugs can change the indicators. For people with acute cystitis, one dose of the product is usually sufficient. The chronic disease requires treatment for at least 2 days, after which the patient is prescribed other antibiotics to consolidate the effect. In chronic cystitis, powdered preparations are not prescribed as often; many doctors consider it inappropriate to use it in this case.
- For an adult single dose is 3 g of the composition, in some cases this indicator may change downwards.
- Indications for reducing the single dose are old age, childhood, pregnancy and a history of renal insufficiency.
- Used with caution in diabetes, contains sucrose.
- To get rid of cystitis, the powder is recommended to take in the evening. In this case, the bladder must be emptied. At this point, the stomach should be empty. If the drug is mixed with food, its effectiveness will be minimal.
In some forms of cystitis, using just one antibiotic may not be enough. To obtain the desired effect, the patient is prescribed additional antispasmodics, anti-inflammatory drugs. Such drugs are best used as instillations and not only taken orally, then relief will come much faster.
Indications and contraindications for the use of powdered preparations
Admission is possible not only in cystitis in acute or chronic form, the antibiotic is effective in the presence of other diseases. This facilitates the treatment of patients in whom the inflammatory process has spread beyond the bladder. In particular, the product is excellent for acute and chronic inflammation of the urethra if provoked by E. coli or staphylococcus. The drug is effective in preventing infectious lesions of the urinary system during surgery. Simultaneously with the treatment of cystitis, it eliminates the infectious processes in the body that take place in a latent form.
Despite the relative safety, there are several contraindications to powder treatment:
- Children under 5 years of age.
- Renal failure with some degree of severity.
- Intolerance to the components in the composition of the drug.
Patients usually tolerate the drug well, but sometimes the negative effects of treatment are still noticeable. These can be allergic reactions in the form of skin rashes, headaches, heartburn, nausea. Less common are more pronounced changes in the work of the digestive tract: vomiting, diarrhea.
What if the dust doesn't work?
Powder is not the only effective treatment for cystitis. Most often, doctors prescribe it to patients with a pronounced clinical picture before receiving the test results. The increased sensitivity of the causes of inflammation of the bladder guarantees the first positive results shortly after the start of therapy.
If it does not give the desired effect, you can consider further treatment with other antibacterial drugs.
Some of the listed products are very expensive, but worth the effort. The main thing is not to forget about additional drugs, without which taking antibiotics will not give the desired result. You should not give up traditional medicine. In combination with traditional therapy, they allow you to quickly get rid of unpleasant symptoms and reduce the risk of their return.
According to statistics, cystitis affects almost 50% of the world's population. Usually females suffer from this because their urethra is wider and shorter. What help will the powder have in cystitis?
The peculiarity of the female structure helps the harmful organisms to penetrate the bladder, creating conditions for inflammation afterwards. Treatment is usually prescribed, paying attention to the factor that caused the inflammatory process.
The medical name of the disease is primary acute cystitis. The symptoms are expressed singly, without inflammation of the genitourinary system. Acute disease is mainly treated with:
- vaginal suppositories;
- powdered products.
Medicines are prescribed after consultation with a specialist. If you strictly follow his instructions, you can get rid of the disease in 7-10 days. In case of primary symptoms, it is important to see a doctor immediately, as the disease can take a complex form. The specialist gives recommendations, at the end of treatment sends for additional tests to make sure that he recovers.
If treated alone, the symptoms can be suppressed, but the source of inflammation is not eliminated. Usually after some time there are complications, severe recurrences.
The benefits of powders
Previously, there was only artisanal pharmaceutical production, which made pills, aqueous solutions, alcoholic tinctures and powders. The pills didn't exist at all then. The powders were sold in paper bags and disposable. The pills are actually powder too, but it is in a gelatin capsule. They have also been used to eliminate cystitis.
Now the pharmaceutical industry allows you to create tablets, suppositories, injections. The technology is improving day by day, but the powdered products are still used successfully. What are their merits?
- Easy production process that allows you to produce the product at a lower cost;
- The ability to supplement the composition with different ingredients;
- Bioavailability (high level absorption) - the process of dust distribution on the intestinal surface is easy;
- The importance of dissolving the powder in the liquid enhances the effect of redness on the urinary tract;
- Convenient transport and safety (dust cannot break). However, the shelf life is shorter as they are affected by temperature and humidity.
The disadvantages are the following:
- Some components have an unpleasant taste;
- Sometimes the mucosa is irritated;
- The powder is more suitable for home use - it is not always possible to dilute it with a liquid under working conditions.
Distribution in the body
The rate of absorption of cystitis powder with a single oral dose is moderate. Its bioavailability from the gastrointestinal tract varies from 32 to 55%. The maximum concentration of dust in the blood is reached on average after 2. 5 hours, and the half-life is up to 4 hours.
Once in the body, fosfomycin immediately enters the urine. It does not require binding to plasma proteins and is not subject to metabolic transformations. Already 4 hours after ingestion, a high concentration of the drug in the urine is achieved, which lasts for half a day. But the level of activity, sufficient for the appearance of the bactericidal effect, lasts 2 days, which is enough to sanitize the urine and is very convenient in the treatment of microbial diseases. Most of the drug is excreted by the body as an active form through the kidneys and only a small part through the intestines with feces.
Side effects of powders and drugs against cystitis
In treatment with many drugs, along with therapeutic effects, side effects are noted. For the drug against cystitis instructions for use show side effects in the form of the following disorders:
- Neurological: headache, fatigue, dizziness, paresthesia (altered sensitivity), optic nerve inflammation.
- Cardiovascular: hypotension, tachycardia.
- Gastrointestinal: dyspepsia (nausea, vomiting, diarrhea), abdominal pain, colitis.
- Respiratory: bronchospasm.
- Allergic: itching, urticaria, anaphylaxis.
- Gynecological: vulvovaginitis.
- Haematological: leukopenia, thrombocytosis.
- Metabolic: elevated liver enzymes (aminotransferases).
These phenomena are observed with different frequencies. If they are pronounced or other symptoms occur, you should consult a doctor. You may need to prescribe another medicine for cystitis. But usually fosfomycin is well tolerated. And cases of overdose are extremely rare (only if medical instructions are not followed).
Cystitis powder, like any antibiotic, is not without side effects. Adverse events can be observed by different systems, but if the admission scheme is followed, they are not critical.
Treatment with cystitis medication should be performed under strict medical supervision. It should be remembered that the use of antibiotics, including those based on fosfomycin, can cause intestinal dysbiosis and, in severe cases, pseudomembranous colitis. Therefore, when the relevant symptoms appear, their therapeutic correction should be performed. It should be remembered that food intake slows down the absorption of the substance fosfomycin and the sucrose contained in its composition may become a limiting factor for the use of the drug in many patients.
Nevertheless, the drug with the active substance fosfomycin is easy to use and after a single dose provides a pronounced therapeutic effect, eliminating urinary tract infections. And although the drug is well tolerated, its use should be agreed with the doctor and carried out under his supervision to avoid adverse effects on the body.